Subhash Chandra Bose : A Discredited Icon

Who was responsible for freedom of India? Was it non-cooperation movement of Indian National Congress or armed struggle of Indian National Army? Our history books certainly tell us supremacy of nonviolent noncooperation movement over armed struggle. We would never know the exact reason behind British deciding to leave India, unless British decide to tell us. There could be several possibilities:

  • Non-cooperation movement made British look like a tyrant in front of the world. 
  • US put pressure on the British to quit India. 
  • Armed struggle of INA and subsequent naval mutiny made a cash strapped British government to rethink their India strategy. 
  • Both non violent and armed movements contributed to British decision. 

Indian history books relegate role of armed movements in Indian freedom struggle to a position that is inferior to non violent movement. Contribution of many architects of armed movement in Indian freedom struggle, including that of Subhash Chandra Bose, has been down played. It has come to light that government of India had spied on family members of Subhash Chandra and according to some reports  government of India informed British about whereabouts of Netaji.

In the month of Sep, 2015, Mamata Banerjee lead Trina Mool Congress government of West Bengal declassified and opened for public view secret files on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The matter came into public domain in April 20, 2015 issue of India Today. Both documents clearly prove that successive governments in independent India had spied on family members of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Subhash Chandra Bose was a freedom fighter. He fled to Germany and later to Japan to form an army of Indian that will fight for liberation of India – the Indian National Army. With the support of Japanese, INA had marched into Kohima in Nagaland. INA was defeated by British. Netaji was believed to have died in plane crash. However, subsequent research and declassified files have challenged this assumption.

Many articles and opinions have appeared that attempted to discredit efforts of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and his Indian National Army. Some called :
  • Subhash Chandra Bose a misguided patriot (Prof. Mridula Banerjee Jawaharlal Nehru University published in India Today of April, 20, 2015);
  • Subhash Chandra Bose a lackey of Japan (Markandey Katju, Retired Judge of Supreme Court published in his blog space);
  •  Preet K. S. Bedi, CEO, Percept Pictures Company, in an article published in Daily posed the question “How much a hero Subash Chandra Bose?” 
  • Subhash Chandra Bose wanted ruthless dictatorship for twenty year, wrote Mani Mugdha Sharma of Times of India. According to the author, Subhash Bose was a lover of Nazi-ism, he loved military pageantry and fashioned himself in the image of Hitler.  
  • Aakar Patel wrote a sarcastic piece in the Times of India blog titles, “Is our revered Netaji the same person who was enamoured by Hitler?” Mr. Patel even ridiculed Netaji’s leadership, lack of military training, and how poorly trained INA was. According to Aakar Patel, most of the INA was relieved to be captured by the British army.
  • Huffington Post in an article even questioned, “Did Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose marry a second time?” According to the article, Netaji had another daughter with a Czech woman. This may dilute aura around Netaji. Because, according to his supporters, Netaji had dedicated his life to freedom.
Intention of this article is not to question wisdom and alternative viewpoints on Netaji Bose. We all see things through prism of our ideologies. My intent is to put forward an alternate point of view on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.  

  • One may not agree with Netaji Bose’s methods, but to doubt his stature as a leader can be utterly naive. Subhash Bose had only ambition that was freedom of India. He understood that ideologically, he would not gel with leadership of Congress party under Gandhi ji. Even after defeating Pattavi Sitaramayya in Congress party election, Subhash Bose could not become Congress president in 1939 because Gandhi ji threatened to resign proclaiming “Sitaramayya’s defeat is my defeat”. Winning an election against candidate backed by Gandhi ji, showed persuasive power of Subhash Chandra Bose on one hand, and also the authoritarian tendency of “my way or highway” in the Congress party, that is still prevalent today.
  • Netaji had taken on the British when they were at the peak of their prowess. It is said the the vast British empire spread from north to south, “Sun never used to set”. To elude such a power and reach Europe shows determination and commitment of Netaji to the cause of Indian freedom.
  • Subhash Chandra felt only way he could take on British was by forming alliance with anti British forces. He wanted backing of Russia. When Russia did not help him, Netaji went to Germany and later Japan. It is true, Germany and Japan had done a lot of atrocities. Germans on Jews, and Japan on people of China, Korea and South East Asia. But Netaji had no choice, to be able to achieve his goal, he had to form alliance with countries that were willing to help him free India. International politics does not run on morality but on national interest. For Netaji  there was nothing more pressing interest than freedom of India so he did what he had to do. Consider the following points:
    • One cannot stop working because of the fear of dirtying his hands. For Netaji, atrocities committed by Axis powers were professional hazards that he had to endure. 
    • Was British atrocity towards Indians or American treatment of Blacks any less horrible? 
    • Did Russia, who allied with Britain and America in the war against Germany, not murder close to a million of her own citizens? 
    • Did independent India not lean towards USSR despite knowing its human rights record? Did India not form alliance with USSR during 1971 war with Pakistan? 
    • Did India not keep quiet during Soviet occupation of Afghanistan? 
    • China under Mao Tse Tung had purged nearly a million people in China. If moral position is so strong, why Britain, France and America not sever business ties with China?
  •  If Netaji was as ordinary as it is made out to be, why did prisnors of war in South East Asia and many common Indians in the region trusted him? Netaji Bose did not offer them any hope of money, or position. He simply asked for supreme sacrifice from every Indian by asking them to “Give me blood, I shall give you freedom”. In the Indian National Army, all Indians – Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, and Christians, fought with unwavering loyalty towards motherland. This may speak a lot about leadership of the man.                                                                                                                                        
  • People ask what did Subhas Bose achieve, he had only formed a ragtag army that was more than happy to surrender to British? One needs to ask back the question what did the Indians give to Subhash Bose? He took risk, he showed initiative, he persuaded people to join his army. People trusted  Netaji with their life and savings. Netaji did not betray that dream. He formed an army with the people that he had. Remember, these were the same people fighting for British. 
  • It is easy for us to ridicule Netaji’s army fatigue his lack of army training. Gandhi ji was also ridiculed by British and called half naked lunatic fakir. So we should not go by what people say about Indian icons, let alone by those who have very little contribution to Indian freedom movement. We cannot, however, downplay  Netaji’s zeal, we cannot belittle his passion to see a free India. 
  • One can also question Netaji’s marital status and his commitment to Indian freedom movement. Did Netaji got married twice? I do not know, and family of Netaji has also not confirmed about his second wife. Did marriage belittle Netaji’s contribution to freedom movement? I do not think so. Many leaders of Indian movement were married. Moreover, some even had extra-marital affairs. Abundant information available in public domain about romance of a prime minister with wife of British governor of India.
I think many different ideas have contributed towards freedom of India. Now that we are a free society today, we should not give primacy to one set of idea alone. We must celebrate all ideas equally and tell stories of their leadership, their sacrifice and their contribution. At the end of the day, everyone is a brave son of India, everyone of them had a dream to get out of foreign subjugation of India.


Pandit Nehru, Clement Atlee and Subhash Chandra Bose

In the earlier part of 2015 it came to light the government of India had spied on family of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. This has been confirmed recently with declassification of files on Netaji by West Bengal government. Such revelation raises a lot of question about why and how government of India of the time had treated a prominent freedom fighter who had sacrificed everything in his life for freedom of the nation.

I came across a letter Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wrote to Mr. Clement Atlee, Prime Minister of Great Britain. I do not know veracity of the letter. Because it does not have a signature at the bottom. Also, some of the text material appear incongruous with subject matter. But it is claimed that Pandit Nehru asked Shri Shyam Lal Jain to type it. This matter was reported to Khosla commission in 1970. I have included an image of the letter and included the relevant text verbatim from the website “Mukherjee Commission and Mystery of Netaji’s …“:

When the Khosla commission was appointed in 1970, Shyamlal Jain from Meerut gave his statements to the commission. He was asked by Nehru to come to Asif Ali’s residence with the typewriter on 26/ 27 December 1945. He was given a letter to type; with a vague signature at its bottom. It had the following content:

“Netaji reached Dairen in Manjuria at 1:30 pm on 23rd August 1945, from Saigon by plane. The plane was a Japanese bomber. He had plenty of gold with him in bars and ornaments. After disembarking, he ate banana and drank tea. He and 4 others, one of them a Japanese officer Shidei; got into a jeep and went towards the Russian border. After about 3 hours, the jeep came back and gave the pilot instruction to fly back to Tokyo.”

Nehru asked Jain to type a letter to the then British prime minister Clements Attlee. The letter had the following   content

Nehru asked Jain to type a letter to the then British prime minister Clements Attlee. The letter had the following   content

“Mr Clements Attlee

British Prime Minister

10 Downing Street, London

Dear Mr Attlee,

I understand from most reliable source that Subhash Chandra Bose, your war criminal, has been allowed to enter Russian territory by Stalin. This is a clear treachery and betrayal of faith by the russians as Russia has been an ally of the British- Americans, which she should not have done.

Please take care of it and do what you consider proper and fit.

Yours sincerely,

Jawaharlal Nehru”

Coupled with information about spying on Bose family, this letter demonstrates the kind of view  the government of India held on Bose and his family. If the allegation of Pandit Nehru writing a letter to the then British Prime Minister is correct, I find this to be horrible. 

It is understandable that allied forces would have  liked to put Netaji on trial for seeking help of Axis powers – Germany, Japan and Italy. India must be under extreme pressure to hand over Netaji to victorious allied powers. 

No country hands over their revered figures no matter how great is the pressure. It is unfortunate that would be prime minister of free India will give information about  his fellow traveller of freedom movement to erstwhile colonial masters. 

It is one thing to belittle and disown Netaji’s contribution to freedom movement of India, the other is to spy and pass on information about him to British. From this revelation, correct or incorrect, a few questions emerge:

  • Was Pandit Nehru’s defence of soldiers of INA in Red Fort all drama? 
  • Did government of India give assurance and/or undertaking to foreign powers on handing over Netaji if found?
  • Did successive governments systematically interfere with commissions that set out to unveil  truth about Netaji’s final moment?
  • Was Government of India aware of the existence of Netaji in India in different disguise?

I think Pakistan has defended Dawood Ibrahim and Hafeez Saeed better despite pressure from the world powers. By contrast, Indian leaders have not only chosen to ignore but in worse case scenario were also ready to handover an architect of freedom movement of India. I pray to god the letter is not true.

Indo Pak War of 1965 and Lieutenant Colonel Ardeshir Burjorzir Tarapore

The year 1965 is very eventful for India and Pakistan. Military General Ayub Khan ruling Pakistan at the time. Ayub Khan believed that Indian army was incapable of defending India and a few right blow at the right time will be enough to  bring Hindu morale down. The General felt 1965 was opportune moment to attack India when the country was still smarting from defeat in the hands of Chinese in 1962 war. On domestic and international fronts, there were many things going for Pakistan :
  • Pakistani economy was doing well, 
  • Politically Pakistan was stable, 
  • Pakistan had international friends in the US and China, 
  • Pakistan had access to sophisticated military equipment courtesy the USA.                                                                   

Many believed it was foreign minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto along with a few generals that had goaded Ayub Khan to attack India.
  • It all started with Operation Desert Hawk in April of 1965 at the Rann of Kutch. Both armies got involved in the skirmish. Dispute was settled by a tribunal that awarded Pakistan 350 sq km of territory.  
  • Emboldened, Pakistan unleashed Operation Gibraltar in the month of August, when Pakistani army regulars and special forces infiltrated Jammu and Kashmir.  Pakistani forces made progress and occupied areas Uri, Poonch and Tithwal sectors. India retaliated by occupying Haji Pir Pass 8 km inside in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. 
  • On 1st September of 1965, Pakistan unleashed Operation Grand Slam on Chamb Sector to occupy Akhnoor. In order to divert pressure from Chamb sector, India opened attack on Pakistan’s Punjab towards Lahore and Sialkot. 
  • In the second attempt, Indians crossed Ichhogil canal on 6th Sep, 1965.  A unit of Jat regiment, 3 Jat, crossed the canal on 6th September and occupied Batapore town (Jallo Mur) thus bringing Lahore airport within its range. Lieutenant colonel Desmond Hayde was commanding 3 Jat. Incidentally, 3 Jat had  to occupy Batapore twice within a span of fifteen days in Sep of 1965.
  • Operation Wind Up was started, between 6 to 8 Sep, 1965, to cut off Amritsar and Jalandhar from New Delhi. Plan was to move towards New Delhi by defeating Indians. Pakistan army captured Khem Karan and was setup for battle of Asal Uttar, where Pakistani army suffered one of the biggest defeat of the war. 
  • Meanwhile, in the Sialkot sector, one of the biggest tank battles happened at battles of Phillora and in the battle of Chawinda. Lieutenant Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore, commanding officer of Poona Horse played an important role in Indian victory at Phillora. 
  • Lieutenant Colonel Tarapore’s regiment met with the Pakistani Army’s heavy armour charge from Wazirwali. He held his ground and attacked Phillora under continuous enemy tank and artillery fire. Though his own tank was hit several times, he maintained his pivots at both these places, supporting the infantry attack of Chawinda. 
  • Though wounded, Lieutenant Colonel Tarapore  refused to be evacuated. He led his regiment to capture Wazirwali on 14 September, and Jassoran and Butur-Dograndi on 16 September 1965.
  • Inspired by his leadership, the regiment attacked the enemy armor and destroyed approximately sixty Pakistani Army tanks, suffering only nine tank casualties. However, Tarapore was killed when his tank was hit and was enveloped in flames.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Tarapore was  commissioned in Poona Horse on 1 April 1951. He rose to become Commanding Officer. Lieutenant Tarapore was awarded Param Vir Chakra posthumously.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore, belonged to the family of General Ratanjiba who led the army of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, who was awarded 100 villages of which Tarapore was the main village. Lieutenant Tarapore obtained his name from the village. 
It is true in 1965 India did not win outright victory. Battle of Chawinda ended in a stalemate with UN brokering a peace. Neither did Pakistan attain her objecting of ceding Kashmir from India, despite several aggressive attacks. Pakistan had superior equipment, India had better men behind vintage machines. Pakistani leadership believed that one Pakistani soldier equalled to four Indian soldiers. According to General Ayub Khan, “Hindu morale would not stand a few hard blows at the right time and place.” They certainly had not met with the likes of Havildar Abdul Hamid, Lieutenant colonel Ardeshir Burjorzir Tarapore, Lieutenant Colonel Desmond Hayde. Pakistan was the aggressor then. Pakistan believes India attacked her, and Pakistan is the winner because it repulsed Indian attack. India not only withstood attack by a superior force, in counter attack it occupied enemy territory that was the basis of peace exchange in Taskhent.

Modern Day Bhushundir Math

As we go through Indrani Mukherjea and Peter Mukherjea story with all their past and present husbands and wives, sons and daughters from past and present marriages, it creates a strange story. A woman who wanted to get out of her life in a small town used different people on her way to reach her pinnacle when she married Peter Mukherjea, head of start TV group in India. In the process, Indrani leaves her two baby children with her parents and did not see them for twenty years. As the story unfolds, it is alleged that Indrani also murdered her daughter, whom she had introduced as her sister to her third husband – Peter Mukherjea.

This Indrani saga and its associated confusion, reminds me of a story I read in Bengali. Parashuram, aka Rajasekhar Basu, wrote Bhushundir Math. Math here means a ground in Bengali. Shibu, wanted freedom from his wife Nrityakali, dies of cholera and becomes a bhoot (ghost in Bengali) and started living on a tree top in Bhushundir Math. Shibu befriends a Brahmadaitaa, bhoot of a brahmin, and Kariapiret. After some time, Shibu feels lonely. He seeks out a dakini (a dain), a shakchunni and a mechopetni (female ghost who eats fish). Shibu decides to marry dakini, only to find out at the alter that dakini was none other than Nrityakali. Nrityakali had committed suicide after Shibu’s death. Brahmadaitta and Kariapiret happened to be past husbands from past lives of Nrityakali. Whereas, shakchunni and mechopetni were wives from past lives of Shibu. 
As Shibu and Nritya started to sort out their wives and husbands from past lives, it eerily reminds us of Indrani and Peter and their past lives. It seems all are coming together in this real life Bhushundir Math, that is Mumbai, to settle score with modern day Shibu and Nrityakali.

Aurangzeb to APJ Abdul Kalam What Has Changed

Of late there has been a lot of angry letters and protests in the media space about changing name of Aurangzeb road to APJ Abdul Kalam Road. Personally, I think such a move is unwarranted, when government is beset with so many unresolved issues. Government  may have its prerogative, but a wise government uses its privilages selectively.

Why change a name that has been there since independence. Aurangzeb may be a tyrant and anti Hindu, it was more than 300 years before. He is part of history. Why change the name of a road now? We can always name some other road to APJ Abdul Kalam. Many people have suspected anti Muslim bias of central government. Thank god a Muslim name is being replaced by another name that also happens to be Muslim and not Hindu. Now people are claiming BJP has favourite Muslims and not so favourite Muslims. APJ Abdul Kalam falls in the first category. 

Protest by BJP spokes people that name change was not politically motivated has fallen in deaf ears. Many believe this is just the beginning, BJP RSS and sanghi’s will gradually Hinduise the whole nation. While it is acceptable that Aurangzeb is part of our history, good or bad we cannot change history. Changing name of road does not change history we might as well accept it. By the way did the following changes arouse as much discourse among free thinkers? I wonder, I was not even aware of many of them. 

If we want to Aurangzeb road be where it is, we should have kept other name changes to where they were: 

  • Anantnag in J&K to Islamabad; 
  • Dalhousie Square in Kolkata to Binay Badal Dinesh Bag; 
  • Victoria Terminus in Mumbai to Chhtrapati Shivaji Terminus; 
  • St Thomas Mount Road in Chennai to Anna Salai. 
Forget the following name changes, Calcutta to Kolkata; Bombay to Mumbai; Madras to Chennai; Bangalore to Bengaluru. 

If all of the above changes were the then government’s prerogative, why so much noise about Aurangzeb road? Not all is well in the city of Denmark. It smacks of political opportunism! At the same time, government of the day as many more pressing issues to take care of. Changing name of a road is certainly not one of them. May be government is fighting her inner devils.

The Battle of Asal Uttar and Bravery of Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid

As the nation was remembering heroes of 1965 war between India and Pakistan, I chanced upon the history of Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid and Indian victory at the battle of Asal Uttar. I was very young when 1965 war broke out. Those were the days when there was no internet, no mobile phone, not much connectivity and access to information was generally poor. Not many people in distant parts of the country knew much about valor of men fighting in the western frontier. I take this opportunity to write about a brave son of India, Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid, and a brilliant victory for Indian army at Asal Uttar.

The term Asal Uttar means a befitting response. Such a response was given to invading Pakistani army in the battle field of Asal Uttar between 8 to 10 Sep, 1965. After capturing Khem Karan, Pakistani army’s 1st Armoured Division and 10th Infantry division were well poised to charge towards Delhi. Ist Armored division was equipped with modern Patton tank. Pakistan army was stopped in its tracks at Asal Uttar, a village south of Amritsar. If Pakistani army had won at Asal Uttar, they would march unopposed to New Delhi. At least that was the plan.

However, Major General Harbaksh Singh, GOC Mountain Division, had a different idea. General formed a horse shoe defence, with Asal Uttar at the base. Indian army in a tactically brilliant move had breached Rohi Nulla. Unaware, Ist armored divison, equipped with Patton tanks, moved into marshy sugar cane field and got trapped. Nearly 100 patton tanks were destroyed in the battle field of Asal Uttar.

Abdul Hamid had joined and served the The Grenediers Infantry Regiment till the end. He was posted at the 4th Ballalion of regiment. Abdul Hamid was promoted to Quarter Master of his battalion before the war. On 10 September 1965 Hamid saw a group of Pattons heading towards his battalion defences. Hamid moved out with his gun mounted on a jeep. In middle of intense tank fire and shelling, Hamid knocked out three Pattons one after another but was killed by tank fire from the fourth. For his bravery, Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid was awarded Param Vir Chakra. 

In the memory of Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid, a mausoleum was constructed on his grave by the 4th Grenadiers at Asal Uttar and each year a “mela” is organised on the date of his martyrdom. The residents of Asal Uttar have named and operate a dispensary, library and school in the village. In his honour, the Army Postal Service issued a special cover on 10 September 1979.

Havildar Abdul Hamid was born in a Muslim family at Dhamupur village of Ghazipur District of Uttar Pradesh on 1 July 1933, the son of Mohammad Usman. Havildar Abdul Hamid was married to Rasoolan Bibi.

More I read about Asal Uttar and Havildar Abdul Hamid, more I feel how fortunate we are to have such brave and selfless people guarding our borders. Abdul Hamid never gave a thought about his own safety. He worked in the middle of intense firing. If he was part of American and / or British army, certainly there would be movies made on him and shown at regular interval, so that posterity does not forget nation’s brave son. I read a TV serial was made on Havildar Abdul Hamid by Chetan Anand. Legendary Nasiruddin Shah had played the role of Abdul Hamid. Recently, I read that government is contemplating including life of Param Vir Chakra awardees as part of history curriculum for class 9 and class 10 students. This is another way to remember our heroes. The stuff legends are made of. 

Ms. Sheela Sharma, Salute the Dedicated Teacher

Very often we hear from the educated middle class of India, mostly people like us, how bad systems in this country are. Nothing can happen here. Many of us move to greener pastures of US, UK, Canada, Australia and so on. We hardly try to do something to make the difference on our own, let alone be the change. We lack initiative and give up too early. May be we are not motivated enough, may be we lack imagination. Our education has taught us mostly to become an employee and not an innovator. So instead of thinking out of the box and taking a risk, we prefer to take up a regular job.

As part of teachers day initiative, I was reading in Hindustan Times (Saturday, 05 Sep, 2015) about Ms. Sheela Sharma. Ms. Sharma joined a primary school in Udaipur district of Rajasthan in 1992 as a teacher. As part of infrastructure, school had a dilapidated building, a few broken tables and chairs as furniture. The school was in a tribal dominated area. We know how city folks act in such a situation. Many government employees just show up on the pay day to collect their salary and do not come for rest of the month. Not Sheila Sharma. Ms. Sharma took initiative to not only teach but to instil a sense of hygiene and cleanliness among children. She forced students to take a bath before starting teaching. She would buy soap, shampoo and otherr items from her own salary, which was a princely sum of Rs. 2100. A school that started with broken tables and chairs, today runs on a 5 bigha land. Ms. Sharma is the principal of the school. 

What Ms. Sharma did, she did not have to do. She worked without arc light of TV camera or a photographers camera flashing on her.  Ms. Sharma did what she did because she loved her work and felt it was her duty. She did not expect any credit, at least not when she started her work. Otherwise, she would have given up long time before. It is because of people like Ms. Sharma, India is still a functional country. We mostly hear of crime, we hear of corruption. We hear common people asking “what is in it for me?” People like Ms. Sharma, and many others like her, never ask “What India could do for them?” Instead,  Ms. Sharma, and her ilk, showed what they could do for the nation. My salute to Ms. Sharma and many teachers like her who are serving our country quietly, in a dedicated manner with dignity.

India Pakistan Dialog : Look at New Ways

Another opportunity of dialog between India and Pakistan has fallen apart, amid tension and bitterness. Genesis for this dialog was a meeting between Indian and Pakistani prime ministers in the Russian city of Ufa. The joint statement of the meeting read, that National Security Advisors (NSA) will meet to discuss terror related issues, exchange information and prepare forum to discuss all other outstanding issues. Ever since the Ufa declaration was met, informed circles in both countries realized India had score a victory of sorts in the declaration, as Kashmir was not mentioned in the declaration. Pakistani NSA was forced to explain centrality of Kashmir for all India Pakistan dialog. Shelling started to happen from across the border on civilian areas. Two terror attacks happened, one in Gurdaspur in Punjab and another in Jammu and Kashmir. A live terrorist was also arrested, who happened to be a Pakistani national.

All these were probably done to provoke Indian side to call off the talk in protest. When that did not happen, Pakistan decided to change agenda by expressing desire to discuss Kashmir. Even this did not derail the meeting, then Pakistan NSA wanted to meet leaders of Hurriyat before starting discussion with Indian NSA. This may be the last straw that broke camels back. Because India did not agree to Pakistan meeting Hurriyat leaders earlier, this time India was forced to follow the precedent.

There may be merit to the argument that India handled badly meeting of Pakistan’s NSA, Sartaj Aziz and Hurriyat leaders in Pakistan embassy. India and the world knows Jammu and Kashmir had genuine election where nearly 70% people had voted to choose a agovernment. Hurriyat did not participate in the election. So Hurriyat cannot be called true representatives of people of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistanis can meet them, but in a bilateral talk if India, the second party, does not recognise Hurriyat then dialog does not proceed. However, no self respecting country can allow another foreign power to meet separatists, that want to cede from India, within India. Would Pakistan allow, if Indian NSA / ambassador meets separatists from Balochistan or Sindh or FATA in Indian embassay?

May be Pakistan did not want to proceed with the dialog, because India had proof that another terrorist caught alive proves complicity of Pakistan. May be Pakistan civilian government wanted to solve economic problems plaguing Pakistan and move on with other important tasks like job creation, healthcare, economy etc.  Pakistan army, most likely, did not like civilian government to follow independent and friendly agenda with respect to India. 

This brings to my mind question if there any point talking to Pakistan, at all? Pakistan will not stop being unfriendly and inimical to India, till it forces India cede a territory, read Jammu and Kashmir to start with,  and make it appear that Pakistani army’s might is instrumental in the process. This will be Pakistan’s revenge for being forced to give up East Pakistan, now Bangladesh. Pakistani elite, mostly army, has conveniently forgotten that condition Pakistan had created in Bangladesh was ripe for revolution. India was facing influx of refugees. So there was little scope for India than not act. Pakistan could have and should have allowed Sheikh Mujibur Rahman to rule. Sheikh Mujib of Awami League had won the election fair and square and had more members in Pakistani parliament. Instead, Pak unleashed terror, rape, murder and mayhem on Bangladeshi civilians. In no Indian state, be it Jammu and Kashmir or Punjab India has ever created Bangladesh like situation, as much as Pakistan may claim. 

Only way a meaningful dialog with Pakistan can happen is when we can inflict pain on Pak. The way to do this is by talking to Baloch and Sindhi separatists and take up their cause to international stage. At the same time strengthen or vigil for infiltration and subversive activities. Use technology if need be. In international arena, only people with power, money or muscle, are heard. That is real politik.